Gouldian Finch - Erythrura gouldiae

Gouldian Finch – Erythrura gouldiae

Other Names: Rainbow finch, Gouldian Grassfinch, Lady Gouldian finch, Purple breasted finch, Purple chested finch.

Subspecies: None

Size: 12cm

Habitat: Open plains with tall trees, eucalyptus savannas.

Distribution: Grassy plains of the Northern Territory.

Gouldian Finch - Erythrura gouldiae

Gouldian Finch – Erythrura gouldiae

Food: Outside of the aviary gouldians feed on seeds that are both ripe and half ripe. They are not ground feeders and will pluck seeds from the plants and grasses. In the aviary their diet consist of Canary seed, millet, green seeds, live food such as mealworms.

Nesting: Nesting in tress and termite mounds these birds pay little attention to quality of build. They are known to nest in the hollows of tress and log (These are great nest’s for the vary). In the aviary they have specific needs and have found that nesting boxes with a longer tunnel or perhaps partition from main cavity is preferred. Ensure some softer nesting materials is added to the nest.

Breeding: Natural breeding occurs November to April / December to March. Clutch sizes ranging from 4-8 egg. The young will will hatch after 12 to 14 days with young fledge at around 21 days.

Sexing: Breast colour of the hen is lighter than the cock with an almost faded appearance. The cock is also known to have larger head and longer pintail feathers.

Colour variations: Black-headed Gouldian Finch, Red-headed Gouldian Finch, Yellow-headed Gouldian Finch

Colour Mutations: Black headed being the dominant form naturally occurring colour variations have been created.


After all eggs laid

Average clutch:

4-8 Eggs

Days to hatch:

14-16 days from incubation

Fledge date:

Generally 20-22 days old

Wean date:

5-6 weeks

First molt:

Begins around 9 weeks and generally completes around 6 months of age

Sexual maturity

Adult plumage indicates maturity however not to be bred as per all finches until they reach the age of 9 months



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