Finch Anatomy

Terms of the Body. (Alphabetical order)

  • Back (dorsum) - The top part of the body between the nape and the rump
  • Belly (ventrum) - The lower part of the body between the breast and the vent
  • Bill (beak) - The upper and lower jaws
  • Breast (pectus) - The lower part of the body between the throat and the belly
  • Cheek (mala) The small area on the head behind the lower part of the beak
  • Chin  - A small area under the lower jaw
  • Crown (corona) - Top of the birds head
  • Ear (Auris) - An opening to the ear canal. Normally covered with feathers.
  • Flank - Located on the side of the bird, above the thigh extending backwards towards the tail
  • Forehead (frons) - Front of the head. Between upper jaw and crown
  • Lore - Area between the bill and the eye
  • Nape (nucha) - back of the neck
  • Nostril (naris, pl. nares) - nasal cavity 
  • Rump (pyga) - The birds lower back, located in from of the upper tail coverts
  • Shoulder - Region where the wing meets the body
  • Tail feathers (rectories) - Stiff feathers of the birds tail which are used to control direction when in flight
  • Thigh - Upper part of the leg
  • Throat (gularis) - Extending from chin to breast
  • Toe (digit) - Part of birds foot
  • Toenail  - Tip of the tow (blood vessel present)
  • Undertail (crissum) - Short contour feathers covering the bases of the retraces - bottom side tail
  • Upper tail coverts - Short contour feathers covering the bases of the retraces -  top side tail
  • Vent - Located where the tail meets the belly on the underside of the bird.